In North Carolina, a Plaintiff (the party filing a lawsuit) can seek an “Order of Attachment” in certain circumstances. Generally, this means that any property in North Carolina that the Defendant owns, including bank accounts, can be seized by the County Sheriff to satisfy any eventual judgment pending the outcome of the lawsuit. This can be problematic for several reasons: first of all, the Plaintiff may lose the case and not be awarded any damages and the property was seized unnecessarily! Also, at the beginning of a lawsuit, the number that a Plaintiff claims he or she has been damaged may not be a realistic number and is based purely on their opinion of the case. Having large sums of money seized during the pendency of a case (which could take years to settle) could cause a business to go bankrupt.
Thankfully, an attachment order will only be issued in a few circumstances. The Defendant must be:
The Plaintiff must pay a bond to the Court which must be high enough to compensate the Defendant if the Defendant prevails in the lawsuit or is damaged by an improper attachment. Obviously that bond will greatly vary and is somewhat up to the discretion of the judge who is hearing the attachment order.
Fortunately, if you have received an attachment order, you do have options to dissolve or modify the order. To dissolve the order, you must show that something was done improperly in obtaining the order (for example, that you do not fall into one of the categories of people who can have their property attached). If you are unable to make that showing, you can try to have the attachment order modified—either the amount of the attachment, the bond, the terms, or both.
Attachment orders are just one more way that lawsuits can cause problems to the people involved. If you, or someone you know, receives a summons, attachment order, or notice of garnishment, the attorneys at Jesson & Rains, PLLC are ready to assist.
By Associate Attorney Danielle Nodar
Many people associate “trust fund babies” with millions of dollars, royal babies, and celebrity kids, but with proper estate planning, anyone can leave their children a trust fund to provide for them once both parents are gone. The goal is to make sure your children’s basic needs are met, not to spoil them. By using either a revocable living trust or testamentary trust, parents can create a plan for how money will be used for their children’s care if both parents pass while a child is still too young to manage money on their own.
A trust is an agreement where the settlors, the creators of the trust, entrust money and other assets to a trustee for the trustee to hold, manage, and ultimately distribute to named beneficiaries upon the happening of some event. Without utilizing a trust, the law generally allows for any adult, meaning anyone eighteen or older, to inherit money outright, regardless of their maturity level, ability to manage finances, or the amount of money being inherited. Prior to turning eighteen, assets inherited by a child will be kept in a custodial account to be managed by a surviving parent or legal guardian. The adult in charge will manage the money for the child’s benefit and can use the funds for the child’s education, support, health, and maintenance until the child turns eighteen and inherits the remaining assets outright.
A testamentary trust or revocable living trust allows parents to name a trustee to manage any inherited assets for children until the child inherits outright according to the terms of the trust. The Trustee will be managing the estate assets and making distributions of the funds for your children’s care according to the terms of the trust. You can give the trustee a lot of discretion over what the money can be used for. They also will be able to seek professional guidance to assist them with managing funds, as part of their job requires them to make sure that the estate assets continue to accrue income while the trust is in existence. Finally, the Trustee does not have to be the same person as the person who you name as a legal guardian for your children. If you think one person would be better suited as a caregiver and another would be better at managing money, you can have both people serve in different roles and work together in making sure that your children’s needs are met.
You can control the age and conditions in which your children will inherit funds outright. You can break up the distribution into different percentages at different ages so that children are not inheriting everything in one lump sum. For example, you can have a child inherit 25% at age 22, then another 25% at age 25, and the remaining assets at 30. During this time, the Trustee will still be making distributions for a child’s health, education, and support, but the child will get additional distributions of larger sums of money as they are more capable of making financial decisions on their own. A trust also allows you to give the Trustee discretion to distribute additional funds for whatever you’d like, such as travel, weddings, and purchasing a residence. Finally, you can name either trust as a beneficiary of a life insurance policy, which would allow any money that a child was to inherit to instead flow through the trust to be administered according to the trust’s terms. Without this, a child could ultimately inherit the entire proceeds from the policy at eighteen.
As you can see, all parents, and not just those who are royalty, celebrities, or have millions of dollars in assets, can benefit from having a trust for their children’s benefit included in their estate plan, as it allows you to name a trusted adult manage funds for your children if you are no longer living, and it also allows you to implement conditions and instructions for how money will be used and ultimately distributed. If you have questions about the best option for your family, please call Jesson & Rains!
By Attorney Kelly Jesson
While surfing through social media, have you ever seen someone post a photo or video set to music and add the caption “I do not own the rights to this music”? We assume people are doing this in hopes of getting around copyright laws. We assume they think that, by disclaiming ownership, they won’t get in trouble, but that is incorrect.
A copyright protects an original work of authorship, whether in writing, video, or audio form. A person infringes on a copyright if the person uses the work without permission, even if they put out a notice that they don’t own the music. To be clear, simply using the work is infringement; not pretending you created it.
A copyright owner can seek damages if you use its work without permission. There is a narrow exception called “fair use,” but it only applies when people use a work for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Most social media posts are not going to fit into this category.
Also, taking a picture from someone else’s website or social media and sharing it yourself is also copyright infringement. You may have heard of celebrities getting sued for posting pictures of themselves that someone else took.
Bottom line: If you didn’t create it, don’t post it without permission. If you have any questions about getting a federal copyright for your original work, please give Jesson & Rains a call!
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